They built a coalition for these reforms that embraced unions, social workers, some businessmen, and numerous middle-class activists and civic reform organizations across the state. Wagner was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Conventions of 1915 and 1938 and a justice of the New York Supreme Court from 1919 to 1926. ^ a b c Clarity, James F. (February 13, 1981). From 1919 to 1926 Wagner served as a justice of the New York Supreme Court. He has a sister, Mary. Senator from New York from 1927 to 1949. His son, Robert F. Wagner, Jr., was Mayor of New York City from 1954 to 1965. Later that year he was admitted to the bar and opened a practice. Den 14. september 2004 blev der afsløret portrætter af Wagner og senator Arthur H. Vandenberg i Senatets modtageseslokale. In April 1943, a confidential analysis by British scholar Isaiah Berlin of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for the British Foreign Office stated of Wagner: His most important legislative achievements include the National Industrial Recovery Act in 1933 and the Wagner-Steagall Housing Act of 1937. He lived out his last years at his home in New York City, devoting much of his time to supporting the creation of the new nation of Israel. Robert Ferdinand Wagner II (April 20, 1910 – February 12, 1991), usually known as Robert F. Wagner, Jr. served three terms as the mayor of New York City, from 1954 through 1965. Senator from New York from 1927 to 1949. ", This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 07:30. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Robert Ferdinand Wagner I (June 8, 1877 – May 4, 1953) was an American politician. They had one son. Robert F Wagner died on February 12, 1991 at 80 years of age. Robert F. Wagner was a superb public person, servant of the people, and adviser to their leaders." New York Times. Huthmacher, "Senator Robert F. Wagner and the rise of urban liberalism. On September 14, 2004, a portrait of Wagner, along with one of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, was unveiled in the Senate Reception Room. Senator Robert Wagner of New York (1877-1953) authored sweeping legislation that dramatically changed the American social and economic landscape. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Robert Ferdinand Wagner II, usually known as Robert F. Wagner, Jr. (April 20, 1910 – February 12, 1991) served three terms as the mayor of New York City, from 1954 through 1965. Wagner arrived in the United States at the age of eight and settled with his parents in a New York tenement neighborhood. Young Robert attended a public school in New York and the Taft School in Watertown, CT, and received his law degree from Yale Law School in 1937. His grandson, Robert (Bobby) Ferdinand Wagner III, was a Deputy Mayor, Director Urban Planning Commission and President of the New York City Board of Education in the 80s and 90s. It was in the New York Senate—especially as an outgrowth of his investigation into industrial working conditions in New York City—that Wagner first won renown as a leader in formulating social legislation. When running for his third term, he broke with the Tammany Hall leadership, ending the reign of clubhouse bosses in city politics. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When running for his third term, he broke with the Tammany Hall leadership, ending the reign of clubhouse bosses in city politics. He was born in Nastätten, then in the Province Hesse-Nassau, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (now in Rhein-Lahn-Kreis, Rhineland-Palatinate, Federal Republic of Germany), and immigrated with his parents to the United States in 1885. Wagner and Edward P. Costigan sponsored a federal anti-lynching law. Success Stories from Biographies like Robert F Wagner. He was President pro tempore of the New York State Senate from 1911 to 1914, and became Acting Lieutenant Governor of New York after the impeachment of Governor William Sulzer, and the succession of Lieutenant Governor Martin H. Glynn to the governorship. Many had to be released in a few weeks and only 3 guns were found in their homes. Biography . GALE|BT2310001400. Highlights of just a few of the many successes of sharing memories about the people important to us on AncientFaces. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was married to Phyllis Fraser, Barbara Joan Cavanagh and Susan Edwards.He died on February 12, 1991 in Manhattan, New York City, New York. Four years later he was elected to the state senate. He died on February 12, 1991 in Manhattan, New York City, New York. Further Reading on Robert Ferdinand Wagner Jr For general information on Wagner see Political Profiles: The Johnson Years (1976) and Edward Kenworthy, "The Emergence of Mayor Wagner," New York Times Magazine (August 14, 1955). On September 14, 2004, a portrait of Wagner, along with one of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, was unveiled in the Senate Reception Room. He was a close associate and strong supporter of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In 1908, Wagner married Margaret Marie McTague, who died in 1919. Dictionary of American Biography. His son Robert F. Wagner Jr. was Mayor of New York City from 1954 to 1965. There is a middle school named … Responding to the economic impact of the Great…. 1961 his son Robert Wagner Jr. was also named an honorary citizen of Nastaetten. Wagner was named for his father, a U.S. senator and sponsor of the Social Security Act. [3] Wagner left the senate in 1918, and served as a justice of the New York Supreme Court until his election to the Senate in 1926. It created the National Labor Relations Board, which mediated disputes between unions and corporations, and greatly expanded the rights of workers by banning many "unfair labor practices" and guaranteeing all workers the right to form a union. Tamiment Library & Wagner Labor Archives. In the Senate, Robert F. Wagner, Edward P. Costigan, and Robert M. La Follette, Jr. were promoting public works legislation, and Hugo Black was pushing short-work-week legislation. In 1937 the Wagner-Steagall Act created the United States Housing Authority, an agency to provide loans for low-cost public housing. In that same year he was elected to the New York State Assembly and remained there until 1941, when he entered the U.S. Air Force. "Robert Wagner, 80, Pivotal New York Mayor, Dies". In the process, they changed Tammany's reputation from mere corruption to progressive endeavors to help workers.[6][7][8]. The Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives collects material in all formats documenting the history of labor, the Left, political radicalism, and social movements in the United States, with particular strengths in communism, anarchism, and socialism. His family moved to Los Angeles when he was seven. In 1942 Wagner married Susan Edwards of Greenwich, CT. After the war, Wagner, with the backing of the Demo… He was unable to attend any sessions of the 80th or 81st Congress from 1947 to 1949 because of a heart ailment. He is often confused with his father of the same name, Robert F. Wagner Jr., who served as Manhattan … He was admitted to the bar in 1900. The Senate is one of the two houses of the bicameral United States Congress, established in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States. On September 14, 2004, a portrait of Wagner, along with one of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, was unveiled in the Senate Reception Room. Starting as a ward heeler for Tammany Hall, he moved up the ranks until in 1904 he won a seat in the New York State Assembly. "Senator Robert F. Wagner and the rise of urban liberalism. Wagner was born on February 10, 1930, in Detroit, Michigan. He also introduced the Railway Pension Law and cosponsored the Wagner-O'Day Act, the predecessor to the Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act. Success Stories from Biographies like Robert F Wagner. Portraits of this group of Senators, known as the "Famous Five", were unveiled on March 12, 1959. As chairman of the New York Assembly State Factory Investigation Committee from 1911 to 1915, he had investigated the tragic Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire and other industrial hazards. The terms of about…, Social Security Act, (August 14, 1935), original U.S. legislation establishing a permanent national old-age pension system through employer and employee contributions; the system was later extended to include dependents, the disabled, and other groups. 1. In 1926 he ran successfully for the U.S. Senate, a position to which he would be reelected three times. His son Robert F. Wagner Jr. was mayor of New York from 1954 through 1965. He was a New York City civic leader who served as the Deputy Mayor of the City of New York, and President of the New York City Board of Education. Lewis Wagner Announces 2018 Indiana Super Lawyers® & Rising Stars. He was a Democratic U.S. Robert Ferdinand Wagner II (April 20, 1910 – February 12, 1991) was an American politician who served three terms as the mayor of New York City, from 1954 through 1965. After graduating from the City College of New York in 1898, he went on to obtain a law degree from New York Law School in … Wagner arrived in the United States at the age of eight and settled with his parents in a New York tenement neighborhood. He helped draft the National Industrial Recovery Act (1933), the Federal Emergency Relief Administration bill (1933), and the law establishing the Civilian Conservation Corps (1933). In 1914, while Wagner remained President pro tempore, John F. Murtaugh was chosen Majority Leader of the State Senate. On June 28, 1949, Wagner resigned from the Senate because of ill health; John Foster Dulles was appointed by Governor Thomas E. Dewey on July 7, 1949 to fill the vacancy temporarily . The former Wagner Hall on the campus of the City College of New York is named for him. He was born on April 20, 1910. Robert Ferdinand Wagner, who oversaw a vivid transformation of the city's politics and even its personality in three terms as Mayor, died early yesterday at his home in Manhattan. Aug 15, 2017. Working closely in the state legislature with fellow New York City Democrat Al Smith, Wagner embraced reform in the 1910s and 1920s, especially to the benefit of their core constituency, the working class. They held a series of widely publicized investigations around the state, interviewing 222 witnesses and taking 3500 pages of testimony. Robert Ferdinand Wagner I (June 8, 1877 – May 4, 1953) was an American politician. During his first term Wagner introduced legislation to assist labour and the unemployed, but his initiatives were rebuffed. From reuniting lost or 'orphan' photos with their families, seeing the faces of relatives for the first time, to connecting unknown and lost family. He was married to Phyllis Fraser, Barbara Joan Cavanagh and Susan Edwards.He died on February 12, 1991 in Manhattan, New York City, New York. That was the only time before 2009 that the two offices were not held by the same person. The school is named after New York City Mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr. The Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives collects material in all formats documenting the history of labor, the Left, political radicalism, and social movements in the United States, with particular strengths in communism, anarchism, and socialism. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-F-Wagner-United-States-senator, New York State Unified Court System - Biography of Robert F. Wagner, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Robert F. Wagner, Wagner, Robert F. - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Robert Ferdinand Wagner was born in Nastatten, Prussia, German Empire on 8 June 1877, and his family came to the United States in 1885. In 1935 Wagner sponsored two major pieces of New Deal legislation: the Social Security Act (enacted 1936) and the National Labor Relations Act (better known as the Wagner Act). He became a lawyer in 1900 and served in the New … Their findings led to 38 new laws regulating labor in New York State and gave each of them a reputation as leading progressive reformers working on behalf of the working class. Robert Ferdinand Wagner II (April 20, 1910 – February 12, 1991), usually known as Robert F. Wagner Jr. served three terms as the mayor of New York City, from 1954 through 1965. Robert F. Wagner, in full Robert Ferdinand Wagner, (born June 8, 1877, Nastätten, Hesse-Nassau, Germany—died May 4, 1953, New York, New York, U.S.), U.S. senator and leading architect of the modern welfare state. He was 80 years old. Robert F. Wagner Jr. (deputy mayor) Robert Ferdinand Wagner III (January 6, 1944 – November 15, 1993, aged 49) was an American politician and public servant. The latter bill established the National Labor Relations Board, guaranteed workers the right to bargain collectively without jeopardizing their jobs, and outlawed a number of unfair labour practices. He was a delegate to the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire in 1944. Omissions? Gale Biography In Context. From reuniting lost or 'orphan' photos with their families, seeing the faces of relatives for the first time, to connecting unknown and lost family. He died on May 4, 1953, in New York City, and was interred in Calvary Cemetery, Queens. He was very involved in labor issues, fought for legal protection and rights for workers, and was a leader in crafting the New Deal. National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933-Wikipedia Feb 20, 2018. [14], "Senator Wagner" redirects here. 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